4th Regiment, Pennsylvania Infantry (3 months, 1861)

Historical Sketch:
Col., John F. Hartranft; Lieut.-Col., Edward Schall; Maj., Edwin Schall. The 4th regiment, recruited in Montgomery, Delaware, Union and Center counties, was a militia regiment and was mustered in for three months' service on April 20, 1861, at Harrisburg. Its origin was the 1st regiment, 2nd brigade, 2nd division, of the state militia. After the presentation of flags by the ladies of Norristown, the regiment reported at Harrisburg and left there on April 21, for Philadelphia under command of Col. Dare. It occupied Perryville, Md. and was then ordered to Washington, where it was obliged to remain for lack of camp equipage. These first regiments were hurried to Gen. Patterson's support so rapidly in response to the call for troops that they were very insufficiently equipped in every way. The first camp was at Bladensburg, the next at Shuter's hill and on the old Fairfax road the pickets were attacked by the enemy and the first blood shed. In July, the 4th was assigned to McDowell's army, moved to Centerville and was there appealed to by Gen. McDowell to remain in his command for a longer time as he expected and desired an encounter with the opposing forces. The men were, however, mustered out at Harrisburg at the expiration of the time of enlistment, most of them reenlisting later in three years' regiments. Their colonel remained with Gen. McDowell. Roster:
The Roster of this unit contains the names of 1042 men.
The Union Army by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 1
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