3rd Independent Battery, Massachusetts Light Artillery

Historical Notes HISTORICAL NOTES:
The 3rd Independent Battery, Massachusetts Light Artillery was organized at Boston September 5, 1861. It moved to Washington, D. C., September 5-11.

The Battery lost during service 9 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 10 Enlisted men by disease. Total 19.
Officers OFFICERS:
  • Captain Augustus Pearl Martin.
  • 1st Lieutenant Aaron Francis Walcott - commanded at the Battle of Gettysburg
  • Assignments ASSIGNMENTS:
    Attached to Porter's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army Potomac, to May, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, 5th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to June, 1863. Artillery Brigade, 5th Army Corps, to September, 1864. Service SERVICE:
    At Hall's Hill, Va., Defenses of Washington, until March, 1862. Advance on Manassas, Va., March 10-15. Moved to Fortress Monroe March 21-24. Reconnaissance to Big Bethel March 27. Warwick Road April 5. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Hanover C. H. May 27. Operations about Hanover C. H. May 27-29. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Battles of Mechanicsville June 26; Gaines' Mill June 27; White Oak Swamp and Turkey Bridge June 30; Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing until August 15. Movement to Fortress Monroe, thence to Manassas, Va., August 15-28. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 28-September 2. Groveton August 29. Bull Run August 30. Maryland Campaign September-October. Battle of Antietam, Md., September 16-17 (Reserve). Shephardstown September 19. At Sharpsburg until October 30. Reconnaissance to Leetown October 16-17. Leetown October 17. Movement to White Plains and Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg December 11-15, "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. Duty at Falmouth until April. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 13-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Rappahannock Station November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Camp near Rappahannock Station December 4, 1863, to May 1, 1864. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May-June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7. Spottsylvania May 8-12. Spottsylvania C. H. May 12-21. Bloody Angle May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 16-19. Siege of Petersburg June 16-September 5. Six Mile House, Weldon Railroad, August 18-21. Left front September 4. Veterans and recruits transferred to 5th Massachusetts Battery August 30. Moved to Boston September 5-9. Mustered out September 16, 1864. ROSTERS:
    The composite roster of this unit contains the names of 385 men.


    Dyer, Frederick H. - A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion

    For Additional Research