3rd Regiment, Vermont Infantry

The 3rd Regiment, Vermont Infantry was organized at St. Johnsbury and mustered in July 16, 1861. The regiment mustered out July 11, 1865. "The regiment was consolidated into six companies, July 25, 1864; Company D was consolidated with E; Co. F with B, I, and K; Co. G with I; and Co. H with K."[2]

Six members of the regiment were awarded the Medal of Honor.

  • Alexander M. Beattie, Captain, Co. F, " removed, under a hot fire, a wounded member of his command to a place of safety," at the Battle of Cold Harbor, June 5, 1864.
  • Gardner C. Hawkins, 1st Lieutenant, Co. E, "when the lines were wavering from the well-directed fire of the enemy, this officer, acting adjutant of the regiment, sprang forward, and with encouraging words cheered the soldiers on and, although dangerously wounded, refused to leave the field until the enemy's works were taken," at the Battle of Petersburg, on April 2, 1865.
  • Willie Johnston, Musician Company D, 3rd Vermont Infantry The second Medal of Honor ever awarded.
  • Samuel E. Pingree, Captain, Co. F, "gallantly led his Co. across a wide, deep creek, drove the enemy from the rifle pits, which were within 2 yards of the farther bank, and remained at the head of his men until a second time severely wounded," at the Battle at Lee's Mills, April 16, 1862.
  • Julian A. Scott, Drummer, Co. E, "crossed the creek under a terrific fire of musketry several times to assist in bringing off the wounded," at the Battle at Lee's Mills, April 16, 1862.
  • Thomas O. Seaver, Colonel, while "at the head of 3 regiments and under a most galling fire, attacked and occupied the enemy's works," at the Battle of Spotsylvania, May 10, 1864.
    Governor Erastus Fairbanks' first choices to command the regiment were Colonel John W. Phelps, soon to relinquish his command of the 1st Vermont Infantry, Captain Truman Seymour, 4th U.S. Artillery, a native Vermonter who had been present at the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter, and Captain A. V. Colburn, U.S. Army, who later became Assistant Adjutant General of the Army of the Potomac under General George B. McClellan. Phelps, however, was serving as commandant of the post at Newport News, Virginia, and the offers to Seymour and Colburn were declined.

    The regiment rendezvoused at St. Johnsbury, on the ground of the Caledonia County Agricultural Society at "Camp Baxter," named in honor of Adjutant and Inspector General H. Henry Baxter. The regiment mustered into United States service on July 16, 1861, and departed for Washington, D.C. on July 24, under the temporary command of Lieutenant Colonel Breed N. Hyde. At Hartford, Connecticut, the regiment's commander, Colonel William Farrar Smith, joined them.
    Attached to W. F. Smith's Brigade, Division of the Potomac, to October, 1861. Brook's Brigade, Smith's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 4th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac and Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to July, 1865. SERVICE:
  • Battle of Lewinsville September 11, 1861
  • Battle at Lee's Mills April 16, 1862
  • Battle of Williamsburg May 5, 1862
  • Battle of Garnett's & Golding's Farm June 26, 1862
  • Battle of Savage's Station June 29, 1862
  • Battle of White Oak Swamp June 30, 1862
  • Battle of Crampton's Gap September 14, 1862
  • Battle of Antietam September 17, 1862
  • Battle of Fredericksburg December 13, 1862
  • Battle of Marye's Heights May 3, 1863
  • Battle of Salem Church May 4, 1863
  • Battle of Fredericksburg June 5, 1863
  • Battle of Gettysburg July 3, 1863
  • Battle of Funkstown July 10, 1863
  • Battle of Rappahannock Station November 7, 1863
  • Battle of the Wilderness May 5–10, 1864
  • Battle of Spotsylvania May 10-18, 1864
  • Battle of Cold Harbor June 1-12, 1864
  • Battle of Petersburg June 18, 1864
  • Battle of Reams' Station June 29, 1864
  • Fort Stevens (Washington, D.C.) July 11, 1864
  • Battle of Charlestown August 21, 1864
  • Battle of Opequon (Gilbert's Ford) September 13, 1864
  • Battle of Winchester (Opequon) September 19, 1864
  • Battle of Fisher's Hill September 21-22, 1864
  • Battle of Cedar Creek October 19, 1864
  • Battle of Petersburg March 25, 1865
  • Battle of Petersburg March 25, 1865
  • Battle of Petersburg April 2, 1865

    The composite rosters of this unit contain the names of 3159 men.
    Benedict, George C. Vermont in the Civil War: A History of the Part Taken by Vermont Soldiers and Sailors in the War of the Union, 1861-1865. 2 Vols. Burlington, VT: Free Pr Assn, 1888. E533B46v2. Reprint 2009. Eastern Digital Resources.

    Burnell, George W. "The Development of Our Army." In War Papers (MOLLUS, WI, Vol. 2). Milwaukee, WI: Burdick, Armitage & Allen, 1896. pp. 70-80 (6 photocopied pages). E464M5.1991v47.

    Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. 2003. Cartersville, GA Eastern Ditital Resources.

    Vermont. A & IGO. Revised Roster of Vermont Volunteers Who Served in the Army and Navy of the United States During the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865. Montpelier, VT: Watchman, 1892. pp. 379-408. E533.3V53. (Contains a roster of the regiment).

    Waite, Otis F.R. Vermont in the Great Rebellion: Containing Historical and Biographical Sketches.... Claremont, NH: Tracy, Chase, 1869. E533W3. See pp. 77 & 210-15 (3 photocopied pages) for a roster of officers a brief regimental history.

    Dyer, Frederick H. - A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion
    The Union Army by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 1

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