14th Regiment, Vermont Infantry

The Vermont 14th Infantry Regiment was organized at Brattleboro October 21, 1862, for nine months. Moved to Washington, D.C., October 22-25.

At Gettysburg, the 13th, 14th and 16th Vermont regiments played a pivotal role in the Union repulse of Pickett's Charge on the afternoon of July 3. The 13th and 16th regiments flanked James L. Kemper's brigade as it approached the copse of trees on Cemetery Ridge, then the 16th wheeled about, and joined by the 14th, stopped the advance of Cadmus M. Wilcox's brigade, capturing hundreds of Virginians. Lieutenant George Benedict, an aide to Brigadier General George J. Stannard, related General Abner Doubleday's reaction, saying he "waved his hat and shouted: 'Glory to God, glory to God! See the Vermonters go it!'"

After the battle, the 14th regiment participated in the pursuit of Lee's Army of Northern Virginia across the Catoctin mountains to Middletown, Maryland, then back over South Mountain, through Boonesboro, to Williamsport by July 14. The regiment marched to Harper's Ferry, across South Mountain again, and camped near Petersville, near Berlin. On July 18, the regiment was released, took a train from Berlin to Baltimore. It reached New York City on July 20. General Edward Canby, who commanded a small number of troops trying to contain the Draft riots that had been raging for four days, asked Colonel Nicholson to hold his regiment in the city for a few days. Colonel Nichols gathered his regiment and made an impassioned plea for them to remain, but the men defused. The regiment continued its trip home, arrived in Brattleboro on July 21, and mustered out on July 30.

The Regiment lost during service 1 Officer and 26 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 43 Enlisted men by disease. Total 70.
Colonel William T. Nichols, of Rutland, had served with the 1st Vermont Infantry. Lieutenant Colonel Charles W. Rose, of Middlebury, had also served in the 1st regiment. ASSIGNMENTS:
Attached to 2nd Brigade, Abercrombie's Division, Military District of Washington, to February, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Casey's Division, 22nd Army Corps, to April, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Abercrombie's Division, 22nd Army Corps, to July, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to muster out. SERVICE:
At Camp Chase, Arlington, Va., October 25-28 and at East Capital Hill to October 30. March to Munson's Hill October 30 and to Hunting Creek November 5. At Camp Vermont, near Hunting Creek, November 5-26. Picket duty near Occoquan Creek November 26-December 5. At Camp Vermont until December 12. Duty near Fairfax Court House until January 20, 1863. Defence of Fairfax Court House from attack by Stuart's Cavalry December 29, 1862. At Fairfax Station January 20-March 24, 1863. At Wolf Run Shoals, Union Mills and on the Occoquan March 24 to June 25. March to Gettysburg, Pa.. June 25-July 1. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee July 4-18. Moved to Brattleboro, Vt., July 18-21. Mustered out July 30, 1863. ROSTERS:
The composite rosters of this unit contain the names of 1202 men.

  • Bennington, Co. A
  • Wallingford, Co. B
  • Manchester, Co. C
  • Shoreham, Co. D
  • Middlebury, Co. E
  • Castleton, Co. F
  • Bristol, Co. G
  • Rutland, Co. H
  • Vergennes, Co. I
  • Danby, Co. K
    Benedict, George C. Vermont in the Civil War: A History of the Part Taken by Vermont Soldiers and Sailors in the War of the Union, 1861-1865. 2 Vols. Burlington, VT: Free Pr Assn, 1888. E533B46v2. Reprint 2009. Eastern Digital Resources.

    Burnell, George W. "The Development of Our Army." In War Papers (MOLLUS, WI, Vol. 2). Milwaukee, WI: Burdick, Armitage & Allen, 1896. pp. 70-80 (6 photocopied pages). E464M5.1991v47.

    Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. 2003. Davenport, IA Eastern Ditital Resources.

    Vermont. A & IGO. Revised Roster of Vermont Volunteers Who Served in the Army and Navy of the United States During the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865. Montpelier, VT: Watchman, 1892. pp. 379-408. E533.3V53. (Contains a roster of the regiment).

    Waite, Otis F.R. Vermont in the Great Rebellion: Containing Historical and Biographical Sketches.... Claremont, NH: Tracy, Chase, 1869. E533W3. See pp. 77 & 210-15 (3 photocopied pages) for a roster of officers a brief regimental history.

    Dyer, Frederick H. - A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion
    The Union Army by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 1

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