U.S. Colored Troops Military Units Formed
We have identified 175 units formed as the U.S. Colored Troops. Many of these units were made up of black soldiers with white officers. Many also had state designations from the state where they were formed. Additionally twelve units were formed in Washington, DC for service in the Civil War. The National Archives index lists 10,607 men including two "Unassigned" lists.
By the end of the War, roughly 179,000 black men (10% of the Union Army) served as soldiers in the U.S. Army and another 19,000 served in the Navy. Nearly 40,000 black soldiers died over the course of the war—30,000 of infection or disease.