The 1st US Colored Troops Cavalry Regiment was organized at Camp Hamilton, Va., December 22, 1863.
Attached to Fort Monroe, Va., Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to April, 1864. Unattached Williamsburg, Va., Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to June, 1864. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 18th Corps, Army of the James, to August, 1864. Defenses of Portsmouth Va., District of Eastern Virginia, to May, 1865. Cavalry Brigade, 25th Corps, Dept. of Virginia and Dept. of Texas, to February, 1866.
Duty at Fort Monroe and Williamsburg, Va., until May, 1864. Reconnaissance in Kings and Queens county February, 1864. Butler's operations on south side of James River and against Petersburg and Richmond May 4-28. Capture of Bermuda Hundred and City Point May 5. Swift Creek May 8-10. Operations against Fort Darling May 12-16. Actions at Drury's Bluff May 10-14-15 and 16. In trenches at Bermuda Hundred until June 18. Bayler's Farm June 15. Assaults on Petersburg June 16-19. Siege of Petersburg until August. Action at Deep Bottom July 27-28. Ordered to Fort Monroe August 3. Duty at Newport News and at Portsmouth and in District of Eastern Virginia until May, 1865. Cos. "E" and "I" Detached at Fort Powhatan and Harrison's Landing August, 1864, to May, 1865. Moved to City Point, Va., thence sailed for Texas June 10. Duty on the Rio Grande and at various points in Texas until February, 1866. Mustered out February 4, 1866.
The composite rosters of this unit contain the names of 1539 men. BIBLIOGRAPHY:
Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. Vol. 2. Cartersville, GA: Eastern Digital Resources, 2003.
Rigdon, John C. US Colored Troops Civil War Soldiers Index. Cartersville, GA: Eastern Digital Resources, 2011.