Military Units Formed in Indiana





Lincoln initially requested that Indiana send 7,500 men to join the Union Army. Five hundred men assembled the first day, and within three weeks, more than 22,000 men had volunteeredso many that thousands had to be turned away. Before the war ended, Indiana contributed a total of 208,367 men, 15% of the state's total population, to fight and serve in the Union Army, and 2,130 to serve in the Union Navy. Most of the soldiers from Indiana were volunteers, and 11,718 men reenlisted at least once. The state only turned to conscription towards the end of the war, and a relatively small total of 3,003 men were drafted. These volunteers and conscripts allowed the state to supply the Union with 126 infantry regiments, 26 batteries of artillery, and 13 regiments of cavalry. By the end of the war, 46 general officers in the Union army had resided in Indiana at some point in their lives.

More than 35% of the men from Indiana who entered the Union Army became casualties: 24,416 (about 6.75% of total war casualties) lost their lives in the conflict, and more than 50,000 were wounded In numbera, this represents more deaths than South Carolina lost in the war.

Many of Indiana's 165 regiments served with distinction in the war. The regiments each consisted of approximately 1,500 men when formed, but as their numbers declined due to casualties, smaller regiments were merged together. The first six regiments mustered at the start of the war were enlisted for six months and were put into action in the western theater. Their short terms of service and few numbers were inadequate for the task of fighting the war, and by the end of 1861, Indiana fielded an additional sixty-five regiments whose men enlisted for terms of three years. These three-year regiments were employed in large part in the western theater. As the war progressed, another forty-eight regiments were mustered in 1862, with about half being sent to the eastern theater, and the other half remaining in the west. During 1863, eighteen regiments were raised to replace the casualties of the first two years' fighting. During Morgan's Raid of that year, ten temporary regiments were created and enlisted for terms of three months apiece, but disbanded once the threat posed by Morgan was gone. The last twenty-five regiments created in the state were mustered in 1864, and served until the end of the war. Most of Indiana's regiments were mustered out and disbanded by the end of 1864 as fighting declined, but some continued in service. The 13th Regiment Indiana Cavalry was the last regiment from the state to be mustered out of the U.S. Army, leaving service on November 10, 1865.

The 14th Indiana Infantry Regiment, also called the Gallant Fourteenth, was a notable Indiana regiment. In the Battle of Gettysburg, it was the regiment that secured Cemetery Hill on the first day of the three-day fight and prevented the possible destruction of the Union Army. Another famous regiment was the 9th Indiana Infantry Regiment, which fought in many major battles and was among the first Hoosier regiments to see action in the war.

The 28th Indiana Colored Infantry Regiment was formed on March 31, 1864, at Camp Fremont in Indianapolis near what is now the Fountain Square district. It was the only black regiment formed in Indiana during the war and lost 212 men during the conflict. The regiment signed on for 36 months, but the war was effectively over in fewer than eleven months from their enlistment, cutting the regiment's length of service short.

The last casualty of the Civil War was a Hoosier of the 34th Regiment Indiana Infantry. Private John J. Williams died at the Battle of Palmito Ranch on May 13, 1865.
1st Battery, Indiana Light Artillery - 505 names
1st Regiment, Indiana Cavalry - 2450 names
1st Regiment, Indiana Heavy Artillery - 4870 names
2nd Battery, Indiana Light Artillery - 432 names
2nd Regiment, Indiana Cavalry - 2517 names
3rd Battery, Indiana Light Artillery - 414 names
3rd Regiment, Indiana Cavalry - 2461 names
4th Battery, Indiana Light Artillery - 485 names
4th Regiment, Indiana Cavalry - 2329 names
5th Battery, Indiana Light Artillery - 283 names
5th Regiment, Indiana Cavalry (90th Regiment, Indiana Volunteers) - 2800 names
6th Battery, Indiana Light Artillery - 463 names
6th Regiment, Indiana Cavalry - 3124 names
6th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1653 names
6th Regiment, Indiana Infantry (3 months, 1861) - 821 names
7th Battery, Indiana Light Artillery - 559 names
7th Indiana Legion - 89 names
7th Regiment, Indiana Cavalry - 2200 names
7th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1810 names
7th Regiment, Indiana Infantry (3 months, 1861) - 841 names
8th Battery, Indiana Light Artillery - 329 names
8th Regiment, Indiana Cavalry - 3065 names
8th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1987 names
8th Regiment, Indiana Infantry (3 months, 1861) - 821 names
9th Battery, Indiana Light Artillery - 314 names
9th Indiana Legion (30 days, 1862) - 600 names
9th Regiment, Indiana Cavalry - 1907 names
9th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 2890 names
9th Regiment, Indiana Infantry (3 months, 1861) - 816 names
10th Battery, Indiana Light Artillery - 366 names
10th Regiment, Indiana Cavalry - 1844 names
10th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1761 names
10th Regiment, Indiana Infantry (3 months, 1861) - 826 names
11th Battery, Indiana Light Artillery - 384 names
11th Regiment, Indiana Cavalry - 1823 names
11th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 2966 names
11th Regiment, Indiana Infantry (3 months, 1861) - 839 names
12th Battery, Indiana Light Artillery - 680 names
12th Regiment, Indiana Cavalry - 2042 names
12th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 2084 names
12th Regiment, Indiana Infantry (1 year) - 1161 names
13th Battery, Indiana Light Artillery - 422 names
13th Regiment, Indiana Cavalry - 1878 names
13th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 3037 names
14th Battery, Indiana Light Artillery - 353 names
14th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 2001 names
15th Battery, Indiana Light Artillery - 352 names
15th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1683 names
16th Battery, Indiana Light Artillery - 568 names
16th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1966 names
16th Regiment, Indiana Infantry (1 year) - 1240 names
17th Battery, Indiana Light Artillery - 321 names
17th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 3312 names
18th Battery, Indiana Light Artillery - 539 names
18th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1780 names
19th Battery, Indiana Light Artillery - 339 names
19th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1796 names
20th Battery, Indiana Light Artillery - 357 names
20th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 3245 names
21st Battery, Indiana Light Artillery - 329 names
22nd Battery, Indiana Light Artillery - 317 names
22nd Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 3638 names
23rd Battery, Indiana Light Artillery - 279 names
23rd Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 2736 names
24th Battery, Indiana Light Artillery - 333 names
24th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 2856 names
25th Battery, Indiana Light Artillery - 319 names
25th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 2723 names
26th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 2602 names
27th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 2029 names
29th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 3265 names
30th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 2854 names
31st Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 2433 names
32nd Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 3049 names
33rd Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 3537 names
34th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 2079 names
35th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 2880 names
36th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1708 names
37th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1589 names
38th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 2471 names
40th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 2438 names
42nd Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 3155 names
43rd Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 2930 names
44th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 2910 names
46th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1961 names
47th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1875 names
48th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 2246 names
49th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 2259 names
50th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1917 names
51st Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 2560 names
52nd Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 2272 names
53rd Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 3026 names
54th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1338 names
54th Regiment, Indiana Infantry (3 months, 1862) - 1240 names
55th Regiment, Indiana Infantry (3 months, 1862) - 1274 names
56th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 34 names
57th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 2157 names
58th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 2787 names
59th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 2620 names
60th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1489 names
61st Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 146 names
63rd Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1853 names
65th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1618 names
66th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1602 names
67th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1627 names
68th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1703 names
69th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1866 names
70th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 2039 names
72nd Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1902 names
73rd Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1809 names
74th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1671 names
75th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1641 names
76th Regiment, Indiana Infantry (30 days, 1862) - 760 names
78th Regiment, Indiana Infantry (60 days, 1862) - 544 names
79th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1694 names
80th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1673 names
81st Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1413 names
82nd Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1606 names
83rd Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1640 names
84th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1463 names
85th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 2126 names
86th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1581 names
87th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1709 names
88th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1592 names
89th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1662 names
91st Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 2011 names
93rd Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1642 names
97th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1260 names
99th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1321 names
100th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1484 names
101st Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1490 names
102nd Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1 names
104th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 95 names
105th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1 names
106th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 122 names
107th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 4 names
108th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 4 names
109th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 4 names
110th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 4 names
115th Regiment, Indiana Infantry (6 months, 1863-4) - 1216 names
116th Regiment, Indiana Infantry (6 months, 1863-4) - 1386 names
117th Regiment, Indiana Infantry (6 months, 1863-4) - 1184 names
118th Regiment, Indiana Infantry (6 months, 1863-4) - 1296 names
120th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1789 names
122nd Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 4 names
123rd Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1504 names
124th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1721 names
128th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1742 names
129th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1485 names
130th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1483 names
132nd Regiment, Indiana Infantry (100 days, 1864) - 1131 names
133rd Regiment, Indiana Infantry (100 days, 1864) - 1068 names
134th Regiment, Indiana Infantry (100 days, 1864) - 1131 names
135th Regiment, Indiana Infantry (100 days, 1864) - 1052 names
136th Regiment, Indiana Infantry (100 days, 1864) - 1086 names
137th Regiment, Indiana Infantry (100 days, 1864) - 1096 names
138th Regiment, Indiana Infantry (100 days, 1864) - 1059 names
139th Regiment, Indiana Infantry (100 days, 1864) - 973 names
140th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1667 names
141st Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 509 names
142nd Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1706 names
143rd Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 2348 names
144th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1514 names
145th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1931 names
146th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1406 names
147th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1566 names
148th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1452 names
149th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1631 names
150th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1526 names
151st Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1473 names
152nd Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1549 names
153rd Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1476 names
154th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1359 names
155th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 1479 names
156th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 740 names
157th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 13 names
158th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 13 names
159th Regiment, Indiana Infantry - 3 names
Bassett's Independent Company, Indiana Infantry (30 days, 1862) - 63 names
Brown's Independent Company, Indiana Legion (30 days, 1862) - 56 names
Keasby's Independent Company, Indiana Infantry (30 days, 1862) - 112 names
Lamb's Independent Company, Indiana Mounted Scouts - 121 names
Monroe's Independent Company, Indiana Legion (30 days, 1862) - 84 names
Patton's Independent Company, Indiana Infantry (30 days, 1862) - 71 names
Permanent Party (Garrison Guard), Indiana - 1032 names
Richardson's Independent Company, Indiana Volunteers (30 days, 1862) - 52 names
Unassigned Indiana Colored Troops - 5 names
Unassigned Indiana Volunteers - 364 names
Unidentified Indiana - 230 names
Wilder Battery, Indiana Light Artillery - 298 names

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